Glaucoma is an eye condition that is liable to damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve is essential for transferring information from your brain to your eyes. Often, glaucoma is the result of excessive pressure on the inside of the eye. Left alone for too long, this pressure can damage the optic nerve tissue and lead to deterioration of vision and even blindness.
To learn more about this eye condition, read on.
Symptoms of glaucoma
The most common form of this condition is referred to as primary open-angle glaucoma. There are no symptoms of this condition except for the gradual loss of vision. This is why it’s critical to go to regular eye appointments so that if you do suffer from glaucoma, you catch it early and have it treated.
You should always see your eye doctor immediately if you suffer from:
- Extreme eye pain
- Sudden blurry vision
- Sudden visual disturbances
- Redness in the eye
- Nausea and vomiting
- Seeing colored rings around lights
Causes of glaucoma
While researchers aren’t clear on exactly what causes this eye condition, it is correlated with several risk factors. Those who may be at risk for glaucoma include:
- White people over 60 years old
- Black and Hispanic people over 40 years old
- High blood pressure
- Severe myopia
- Diabetes or another underlying health condition
- Previous eye surgery
- Eye injury or condition
- Family history of glaucoma
The types of glaucoma
The following are types of glaucoma:
- Closed-angle glaucoma: This can start without warning and result in rapid visual loss. However, if you seek medical help immediately, it is possible to prevent long-term damage.
- Open-angle glaucoma: This is also referred to as chronic glaucoma, and it is the most common form of this condition. People who experience this condition often suffer slight visual loss.
- Pigmentary glaucoma: This open-angle form of glaucoma occurs in middle or early adulthood and involves the change of the pigment in cells that provide color to the iris. In this form of the condition, the pigment cells disperse throughout the eye, disrupting the normal flow of fluid in the eye and leading to undue pressure.
- Low-tension glaucoma: This occurs when there isn’t noticeably more pressure on the eye, but there’s still damage to the optic nerve. This is not a well understood condition, but some experts believe it’s related to the blood supply to the optic nerve.
Fortunately, there are numerous ways to treat glaucoma. Eye drops are usually provided as an initial treatment to assist with drainage of fluid in the eye. Take these eye drops as recommended by an eye doctor.
If eye drops do not work, then it’s possible that you may be a candidate for surgery. This surgery aims to reduce the pressure in the eye.
Whenever you need expert eye care, trust the team at Dr. Jill’s Optical Shoppe. We’re a locally-owned and -operated business with over two decades of experience in eye treatment. We regularly test for glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration. Call us today to set up an appointment or stop by our shop.